Paragraph Structure Graphic Organizers A paragraph is a unit of writing that consists of one or more sentences focusing on a single idea or topic. A well-written paragraph often has the following structure: This sentence outlines the main idea that will be presented in the paragraph.
Questions can be effective because they: There are four different types of questions: Toad "Think and Search" Questions based on the recall of facts that can be found directly in the text.
Answers are typically found in more than one place, thus requiring students to "think" and "search" through the passage to find the answer.
Why was Frog sad? His friend was leaving. How do think Frog felt when he found Toad? I think that Frog felt happy because he had not seen Toad in a long time. I feel happy when I get to see writing an introduction paragraph graphic organizer friend who lives far away.
Reading the text may not be helpful to them when answering this type of question. How would you feel if your best friend moved away? I would feel very sad if my best friend moved away because I would miss her. Generating questions By generating questions, students become aware of whether they can answer the questions and if they understand what they are reading.
Students learn to ask themselves questions that require them to combine information from different segments of text.
For example, students can be taught to ask main idea questions that relate to important information in a text. Recognizing story structure In story structure instruction, students learn to identify the categories of content characters, setting, events, problem, resolution.
Often, students learn to recognize story structure through the use of story maps. Summarizing Summarizing requires students to determine what is important in what they are reading and to put it into their own words.
Instruction in summarizing helps students: Identify or generate main ideas Connect the main or central ideas Eliminate unnecessary information Remember what they read Effective comprehension strategy instruction is explicit Research shows that explicit teaching techniques are particularly effective for comprehension strategy instruction.
In explicit instruction, teachers tell readers why and when they should use strategies, what strategies to use, and how to apply them. The steps of explicit instruction typically include direct explanation, teacher modeling "thinking aloud"guided practice, and application. Direct explanation The teacher explains to students why the strategy helps comprehension and when to apply the strategy.
Modeling The teacher models, or demonstrates, how to apply the strategy, usually by "thinking aloud" while reading the text that the students are using.
Guided practice The teacher guides and assists students as they learn how and when to apply the strategy.
Application The teacher helps students practice the strategy until they can apply it independently. Effective comprehension strategy instruction can be accomplished through cooperative learning, which involves students working together as partners or in small groups on clearly defined tasks.
Cooperative learning instruction has been used successfully to teach comprehension strategies. Students work together to understand texts, helping each other learn and apply comprehension strategies.
Teachers help students learn to work in groups. Teachers also provide modeling of the comprehension strategies. For more information about comprehension, browse the articles, multimedia, and other resources in this special section: Adapted from Adler, C.
National Institute for Literacy. Reprints You are welcome to print copies for non-commercial use, or a limited number for educational purposes, as long as credit is given to Reading Rockets and the author s.
For commercial use, please contact the author or publisher listed.Introduction I sincerely hope that you can use many of the writing prompts presented here in your lesson plans throughout the school year.
For your convenience, I have divided them into three categories: prompts for formal practice essays, reader's response questions, and prompts for journal writing.
Paragraph Structure Graphic Organizers. A paragraph is a unit of writing that consists of one or more sentences focusing on a single idea or topic. A well-written paragraph often has the following structure: Topic Sentence: This sentence outlines the main idea that will be presented in the paragraph.
Middle School Writing Middle School English 8th Grade Writing Writing Classes Teaching Writing Teaching English Introductory Paragraph Writing Graphic Organizers Paragraph Writing Forward Wanted to share a quick overview of how we teach introductory paragraph writing in .
3. Graphic and semantic organizers. Graphic organizers illustrate concepts and relationships between concepts in a text or using diagrams.
Graphic organizers are known by different names, such as maps, webs, graphs, charts, frames, or clusters. free graphic organizers Although earlier versions of Adobe's PDF software included a provision for end users to import and add their own graphics, the most recent version does not.
I am acutely aware of the fact that many more types of graphic organizers for teaching writing could be designed and created.
Five Paragraph Essay Graphic Organizer. The Five Paragraph Essay Graphic Organizer is a helpful graphic organizer that can organize an essay. If the student follows the graphic organizer, he or she will be able to write a well-organized essay.
The graphic organizer has places to write the topic of the essay and the thesis statement at the topic.