Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires throughout the world in Map of colonial empires at the end of the Second World War, Activity that could be called colonialism has a long history starting with the pre-colonial African empires which led to the EgyptiansPhoeniciansGreeks and Romans who all built colonies in antiquity. The word "metropole" comes from the Greek metropolis [Greek:
The History of the Chinese Sui dynasty contains records that a state called Chenla sent an embassy to China in or C. It says, that Chenla was a vassal of Funanbut under its ruler Citrasena-Mahendravarman conquered Funan and gained independence.
Another inscription of a few years later, K44, AD, commemorating a foundation in Kampot province under the patronage of Jayavarman I, refers to an earlier foundation in the time of King Raudravarma, presumably Rudravarman of Funan, and again there is no suggestion of political discontinuity.
The names signify a northern and a southern half, which may conveniently be referred to as Upper and Lower Chenla. Chenlatheir first independent state developed out of Funanese influence.
The immense influence on the identity of Cambodia to come was wrought by the Khmer Kingdom of Bhavapurain the modern day Cambodian city of Kampong Thom. Its legacy was its most important sovereign, Ishanavarman who completely conquered the kingdom of Funan during — He chose his new capital at the Sambor Prei Kuknaming it Ishanapura.
Khmer Empire Archers mounted on elephants. Map of South-east Asia c.
The six centuries of the Khmer Empire are characterised by unparalleled technical and artistic progress and achievements, political integrity and administrative stability. The empire represents the cultural and technical apogee of the Cambodian and Southeast Asian pre-industrial civilisation.
As he declared himself devaraja - god-king, divinely appointed and uncontested, he simultaneously declares independence from Shailandra and Srivijaya. He established Hariharalayathe first capital of the Angkorean area near the modern town of Roluos.
This population centre was subject to extensive urban planningembedded in an elaborate hydraulic network of water reservoirs and canals around central monumental religious structures. The religious monuments underwent over the course of several centuries a sophisticated architectural, stylistic and aesthetic development of eventually most exquisite expression and mastery of composition.
Bakongone of the earliest temple mountain in Khmer architecture. Indravarman I — and his son and successor Yasovarman I —who established the capital Yasodharapura ordered the construction of huge water reservoirs barays north of the capital. The water management network depended on elaborate configurations of channels, ponds, and embankments built from huge quantities of clayey sand, the available bulk material on the Angkor plain.
This centralised system of governance appointed royal functionaries to provinces. Some historians relate the empires' decline to these religious discontinuities. Recent Geo-surveys have confirmed that Angkor maintained the largest pre-industrial settlement complex worldwide during the 12th and 13th centuries — some three quarters of a million people lived there.
Sizeable contingents of the public workforce were to be redirected to monument building and infrastructure maintenance.
A growing number of researchers relates the progressive over-exploitation of the delicate local eco-system and its resources alongside large scale deforestation and resulting erosion to the empires' eventual decline.
Under king Suryavarman II — the empire reached its greatest geographic extent as it directly or indirectly controlled Indochinathe Gulf of Thailand and large areas of northern maritime Southeast Asia.
Suryavarman II commissioned the temple of Angkor Watbuilt in a period of 37 years, its five towers representing Mount Meru is considered to be the most accomplished expression of classical Khmer architecture.
It followed a period of dynastic upheaval and a Cham invasion that culminated in the sack of Angkor in Portrait statue of Jayavarman VII. A Mahayana Buddhisthe initiates his reign by striking back against Champa in a successful campaign.
During his nearly forty years in power he becomes the most prolific monument builder, who establishes the city of Angkor Thom with its central temple the Bayon.Globalization of the economy, the explosion of population growth, technological changes and international competition compels the student to understand, both personally and globally, production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Students will be able to explain the effect of mercantilism on the development of the 13 English colonies. Through a slideshow, class poll, draw it activities, a video, and open ended questioning, students about mercantilism and its role in the American colonies.
This article sketches the beginnings and central trends in the development of economic ties between Europe and regions outside Europe from to The Colonial Economy: Mercantilism Beginning around , the British government pursued a policy of mercantilism in international trade.
Mercantilism stipulates that in order to build economic strength, a nation must export more than it imports. The 18th Century proudly referred to itself as the "Age of Enlightenment" and rightfully so, for Europe had dwelled in the dim glow of the Middle Ages when suddenly the lights began to come on in men's minds and humankind moved forward.
Jan 31, · Another outcome of economic mercantilism in British North America was the introduction of the Navigation Acts to restrict the use of foreign shipping and trade between the mother country and the colonies.