The Writings of Bertell Ollman Marx's Vision of Communism By Bertell Ollman I Marcuse argues that, in the middle of the twentieth century, utopia remains an impossible dream only to those theorists who use "the concept of 'utopia' to denounce certain socio-historical possibilities. Today's production of goods and knowledge, together with accompanying skills, have transformed the utopias of an earlier time into practical alternatives to our everyday existence. Recognition of these trends and their meaning has led to a renewed interest in Marx's vision of the communist society.
Marx, also known as the father of communism, spent most of his life in exile in Great Britain and France. He wrote the Communist Manifesto inwhich later served as the inspiration for the formation of the Communist Party.
Communism is also known as "Marxism. It should be noted that Marx died well before any of his theories were put to the test. Marx's main idea was simple: Free the lower class from poverty and give the poor a fighting chance. How he believed it should be accomplished, however, was another story.
In order to liberate the lower class, Marx believed that the government would have to control all means of production so that no one could outdo anyone else by making more money. Unfortunately, that proves to this day to be more difficult than he might have realized.
Marx described three necessary phases toward achieving his idea of utopia. A revolution must take place in order to overthrow the existing government. A dictator or elite leader or leaders must gain absolute control over the proletariat. During this phase, the new government exerts absolute control over the common citizen's personal choices -- including his or her education, religion, employment and even marriage.
Collectivization of property and wealth must also take place. This phase has never been attained because it requires that all non-communists be destroyed in order for the Communist Party to achieve supreme equality.
In a Marxist utopia, everyone would happily share property and wealth, free from the restrictions that class-based systems require. The government would control all means of production so that the one-class system would remain constant, with no possibility of any middle class citizens rising back to the top.
You can see the full text of the manifesto at this Web site. Marx also detailed the 10 essential tenets of communism, namely:The ideas of Marx have never been more relevant than they are today.
This is reflected in the thirst for Marxist theory at the present time.
In this article, Alan Woods deals with the main ideas of Karl Marx and their relevance to the crisis we're passing through today. Despite the richness of debate about socialism and Marxism, even the most sympathetic observer has to be concerned about the distance between the socialist thinking and ideals on the one hand and the social reality of poverty and control on the other.
As an ideology, communism is generally regarded as hard-left, making fewer concessions to market capitalism and electoral democracy than do most forms of socialism. As a system of government, communism tends to center on a one-party state that bans most forms of political dissent.
The relationship between Marx and other socialist thinkers and organizations—rooted in Marxism's "scientific" and anti-utopian socialism, among other factors—has . Communism after Marx.
After Marx’s death in , Engels became the chief expositor of Marxist theory, which he simplified and in several respects transformed. His version of Marxism, which he called “ scientific socialism,” made Marxist theory more rigid and deterministic than Marx had intended.
In words, Marxian class theory is the main thing one has to understand to comprehend Marx the philosopher, Marx the Historian, Marx the Economist, Engels, Communism, Scientific Socialism, and “Marx” the dirty word in Western capitalist society.