Elections[ edit ] The Canadian House of Commons, General elections occur whenever Parliament is dissolved by the governor general on the monarch's behalf. The timing of the dissolution has historically been chosen by the prime minister.
See Article History Alternative Title: Commons House of Commons, also called Commons, popularly elected legislative body of the bicameral British Parliament.
Commons, House ofLearn about the evolution of the House of Commons, the role of its members, and how those members are elected. In the 14th century the knights and burgesses chosen as representatives i.
By the late 17th century, the House of Commons had gained the sole right to initiate taxation measures. Under this act, the House of Lords lost the power to delay legislation passed by the Commons for the raising and spending of revenue; it also lost the power to delay other legislation for a period beyond two years reduced in to one year.
The act also reduced the maximum duration of a parliamentary session to five years. The membership of the House of Commons stood at from —when Great Britain and Ireland were united by the Act of Union to form the United Kingdom—untilwhen it was increased to In it was increased to It was also changed under subsequent acts.
At the general election in Maymembers were returned— from England, 59 from Scotland, 40 from Wales, and 18 from Northern Ireland. Each constituency returns a single member. After it was destroyed by a German bomb during World War IIthere was considerable discussion about enlarging the chamber and replacing its traditional rectangular structure with a semicircular design.
Among those who argued against this proposal was Winston Churchillwho maintained that a semicircular chamber appeals to political theorists, enables every individual or group to move round the centre, adopting various shades of pink according as the weather changes.
If the House is big enough for all its members, nine-tenths of its debates will be conducted in the depressing atmosphere of an almost empty or half-empty Chamber.
The chamber was rebuilt in to match its original size and shape. Functions and operation The House of Commons is the effective legislative authority in Great Britain. It alone has the right to impose taxes and to vote money to, or withhold it from, the various public departments and services.
The House of Lords has only infrequently held up major legislation passed by the Commons, and the British sovereign almost automatically provides the Royal Assent to any bill passed. Indeed, the last bill to be rejected by a monarch was the Scottish Militia Bill ofwhich was vetoed by Queen Anne.
Acts of Parliament are not subject to judicial review. Commons, House ofExploring the chamber of the House of Commons and the functions of its members. Almost all legislation proceeds from the majority party in the Commons, which forms the government and the cabinet; the latter is composed of senior ministers chosen by, and belonging to the party of, the prime ministernearly all of whom serve in the House of Commons.
The speaker does not participate in debates and votes only in order to break a tie, a case that compels the speaker to vote in favour of the status quo. By a convention of the constitution not established until the 20th century, the prime minister is always a member of the House of Commons, instead of a member of either house.
The first reading is purely formal, but the second reading provides the occasion for debate on the principles involved.
The bill then goes into committee, where it is examined clause by clause. Most bills are sent to standing committees, each of which deals with bills belonging to a particular range of topics, with the committees reflecting in their makeup the respective strength of parties in the House.
Having examined the bill, the committee then reports back to the House, and after further amendments may have been proposed in the course of more debate, the bill is read a third time and is then voted on.
In addition to bills proposed by the government, a limited number of bills sponsored by individual members are considered by the House each session.
Beginning inpower over a number of matters—including health, education, housing, transportation, the environmentand agriculture—was devolved from the British Parliament to the newly established Scottish Parliament, National Assembly of Wales, and somewhat later Northern Ireland Assembly.
That reallocation of legislative responsibilities raised the issue of whether MPs from Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland should continue to vote on measures directed at England only. New stages were introduced into the standard lawmaking procedure during which legislation that was determined to affect England only was to be considered and voted upon by MPs from English constituencies who were effectively granted veto power before moving on to consideration by the House of Commons as a whole.
When it was not clear whether a measure was an England-only matter, the speaker of the House of Commons was tasked with making that determination. Aside from passing legislation, the most important business of the full House is the question period, which is held on a regular basis.
During this period, members can require government ministers to answer questions regarding their departments; it thus provides the opposition with an opportunity to attack government policy and to raise issues on which the government may be thought to have been negligent. It also generates regular policy debates between the prime minister and the leader of the opposition.Media in category "Cultural properties of national significance in Switzerland" The following 11 files are in this category, out of 11 total.
Definition of House of Commons in the initiativeblog.com Dictionary. Meaning of House of Commons. What does House of Commons mean?
Proper usage and pronunciation (in phonetic transcription) of the word House of Commons. Information about House of Commons in the initiativeblog.com dictionary, synonyms and antonyms.
House of Commons n. Abbr.
HC The lower house of Parliament in the United Kingdom and Canada. House of Commons n (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in Britain, Canada, etc) the lower chamber of Parliament House′ of Com′mons n.
the elective lower house of the Parliament of Great Britain, Canada, etc. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend.
House of Commons, also called Commons, popularly elected legislative body of the bicameral British initiativeblog.comgh it is technically the lower house, the House of Commons is predominant over the House of Lords, and the name “Parliament” is often used to refer to the House of Commons alone.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England (which incorporated Wales) from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in , when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain.
House of Commons: House of Commons, popularly elected legislative body of the bicameral British Parliament. Although it is technically the lower house, the House of Commons is predominant over the House of Lords, and the name “Parliament” is often used to refer to the House of Commons alone.
The origins of the House.