The structure of a qualitative report includes an abstract, introduction, background to the problem, the researcher's role, theoretical perspective, methodology, ethical considerations, results, data analysis, limitations, discussion, conclusions and implications, references and appendix.
The table below offers some questions effective discussion sections in scientific reports address. What do your observations mean?
Summarize the most important findings at the beginning. What conclusions can you draw?
For each major result: Describe the patterns, principles, relationships your results show. Explain how your results relate to expectations and to literature cited in your Introduction. Do they agree, contradict, or are they exceptions to the rule? Explain plausibly any agreements, contradictions, or exceptions.
Describe what additional research might resolve contradictions or explain exceptions. How do your results fit into a broader context?
Suggest the theoretical implications of your results. Suggest practical applications of your results? Extend your findings to other situations or other species. Give the big picture: Move from specific to general: Don't ignore or bury the major issue.
Did the study achieve the goal resolve the problem, answer the question, support the hypothesis presented in the Introduction?
Give evidence for each conclusion.
Discuss possible reasons for expected and unexpected findings. Don't ignore deviations in your data. Avoid speculation that cannot be tested in the foreseeable future. · HOW TO WRITE A THESIS 1 Introduction 1 Introduction This is a working guide on writing a thesis. It is intended to assist ﬁnal year and post-graduate students in Electrical/Electronic/IT Engineering at the Centre for initiativeblog.com Oct 14, · Writing a theoretical framework can be a difficult task, as it requires you to wrestle with the literature and define concepts that are important to your dissertation/5(K).
· When writing a dissertation or thesis, the results and discussion sections can be both the most interesting as well as the most challenging sections to write.
You may choose to write these sections separately, or combine them into a single chapter, depending on initiativeblog.com /initiativeblog.com · Guidelines for Writing a Thesis or Dissertation, Linda Childers Hon, Ph.D purpose for your thesis/dissertation.
When you can articulate this purpose clearly, you are ready to write your D.
Measurement. Operational definitions. Include, as applicable, detailed discussion of indexes/ scales.
|Language & Lit||While the introduction starts generally and narrows down to the specific hypothesis, the discussion starts with the interpretation of the results, then moves outwards to contextualize these findings in the general field. The Discussion section is sort of an odd beast because it is here where you speculate, but must avoid rambling, guessing, or making logical leaps beyond what is reasonably supported for your data.|
|Definition||Bibliography Definition The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration.|
Specify methods used to assess validity and initiativeblog.com · How to write a good PhD thesis and survive the viva Stefan Ruger Knowledge Media Institute The Open University, UK V | 31 Jul which is a discussion with examiners, who are experts in the area The thesis is a monograph, ie, a self-contained piece of work, written solely by the PhD can- theoretical analysis, experimental design initiativeblog.com USEFUL PHRASES Useful phrases when writing a dissertation abstract.
This section sets out some useful phrases that you can use and build on when writing your undergraduate or master's level dissertation initiativeblog.com