Using his intelligence network, Chandragupta gathered many young men from across Magadha and other provinces, men upset over the corrupt and oppressive rule of king Dhana, plus resources necessary for his army to fight a long series of battles. Those men included the former general of Taxila, other accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Porus of Kakayee, his son Malayketu, and the rulers of small states. Preparing to invade Pataliputra, Maurya hatched a plan.
Using his intelligence network, Chandragupta gathered many young men from across Magadha and other provinces, men upset over the corrupt and oppressive rule of king Dhana, plus resources necessary for his army to fight a long series of battles. Those men included the former general of Taxila, other accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Porus of Kakayee, his son Malayketu, and the rulers of small states.
Preparing to invade Pataliputra, Maurya hatched a plan. He had a battle announced and the Magadhan army mustered from the city to a distant battlefield to engage Maurya's forces. Maurya's general and spies meanwhile bribed the corrupt general of Nanda.
He also managed to create an atmosphere of civil war in the kingdom, which culminated in the death of the heir to the throne. Chanakya managed to win over popular sentiment. Ultimately Nanda resigned, handing power to Chandragupta, went into exile and disappeared from history. Chanakya contacted the prime minister, Rakshasa, and made him understand that he owed loyalty to Magadha rather than to the Magadha dynasty, insisting that he continue in office.
Chanakya also reiterated that choosing to resist would start a war that would severely affect Magadha and destroy the city. Rakshasa accepted Chanakya's reasoning, and Chandragupta Maurya was legitimately installed as the new King of Magadha.
Rakshasa became Chandragupta's chief adviser, and Chanakya assumed the position of an elder statesman. One of Alexander's richest satraps, Peithon, satrap of Media, had tried to raise a coalition against him. Chandragupta managed to conquer the Punjab capital of Taxila, an important center of trade and Hellenistic culture, increasing his power and consolidating his control.
Chandragupta Maurya Main article: Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta again fought with the Greeks when Seleucus I, ruler of the Seleucid Empiretried to reconquer the northwestern parts of India, during a campaign in B.
The two rulers finally concluded a peace treaty: A marital treaty Epigamiaimplying either a marital alliance between the two dynastic lines or a recognition of marriage between Greeks and Indians.
Chandragupta received the satrapies of Paropamisadae Kamboja and GandharaArachosia Kandhaharand Gedrosia Balochistanand Seleucus I received war elephants that would play a decisive role in his victory against western Hellenistic kings at the Battle of Ipsus in B.
Diplomatic relations established, several Greeks, such as the historian Megasthenes, Deimakos, and Dionysius, resided at the Mauryan court. Chandragupta established a strong centralized state with a complex administration at Pataliputra, which, according to Megasthenes, was "surrounded by a wooden wall pierced by 64 gates and towers— and rivaled the splendors of contemporaneous Persian sites such as Susa and Ecbatana.
He also had a Greek ambassador, Deimachus Strabo 1—70at his court. Megasthenes described a disciplined multitude under Chandragupta, who live simply, honestly, and did not know writing.
Bindusara Chandragupta died after reigning for twenty four years. His son, Bindusara, also known as Amitrochates destroyer of foes in Greek accounts, succeeded him in B. Still, some credit him with the incorporation of the southern peninsular India.
According to Jain tradition, his mother was a woman by the name of Durdhara. The Puranas assign him a reign of twenty five years. He has been identified with the Indian title Amitraghata slayer of Enemiesfound in Greek texts as Amitrochates.
Ashoka the Great Main article: Ashoka the Great The distribution of the Edicts of Ashoka. To the West, it went as far as Kandahar where the Edicts were written in Greek and Aramaicand bordered the contemporary Hellenistic metropolis of Ai Khanoum.
Contemporary historians consider Chandragupta's grandson Ashokavardhan Maurya, better known as Ashoka ruled B. Wells calls him the "greatest of kings. As an ambitious and aggressive monarch, he re-asserted the Empire's superiority in southern and western India.
But his conquest of Kalinga proved the pivotal event of his life. Although Ashoka's army succeeded in overwhelming Kalinga forces of royal soldiers and civilian units, an estimatedsoldiers and civilians died in the furious warfare, including over 10, of Ashoka's own men. Hundreds of thousands of people became refugees.
When he personally witnessed the devastation, Ashoka began feeling remorse, and he cried, "what have I done? For a monarch in ancient times, this was an historic feat.
After Ashoka's renunciation of war to acquire territory, he established friendly relations with the three Tamil dynasties of Chola, Chera and Pandya known as Tamilakam or "Land of Tamils" at the southern tip of India, the only territory in India not directly under his control.The Sasanian Empire (/ s ə ˈ s ɑː n i ə n, s ə ˈ s eɪ n i ə n /), also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr, or Iran, in Middle Persian), was the last kingdom of the Persian Empire before the rise of Islam, and was named after the House of Sasan; it ruled from to AD.
The Sasanian Empire succeeded the Parthian. Was Alexander the Great really great? A great conqueror, in 13 short years he amassed the largest empire in the entire ancient world — an empire that covered 3, miles. Alexander the Great's legacy is both far reaching and profound.
First, his father was able to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander destroyed the Persian Empire forever. More importantly, Alexander's conquests spread Greek culture, also known as Hellenism, across his empire.
The Han Dynasty vs. The Roman Empire The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty of China had many similarities and differences.
Many of these similarities and differences were political, social, and economical. Some of the similarities included the resemblances of political figures, the role of women, and the parallels in each empire’s trade.
The Sasanian Empire (/ s ə ˈ s ɑː n i ə n, s ə ˈ s eɪ n i ə n /), also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr, or Iran, in Middle Persian), was the last kingdom of the Persian Empire before the rise of Islam, and was named after the House of Sasan; it ruled from to AD.
The Sasanian Empire succeeded the Parthian. Later, the Roman Empire dominates the Mediterranean and Europe. Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more.
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